Communicable Disease Chart

Communicable Disease Chart

Disease*Immunization is available Usual Interval Between Exposure and Final Symptoms of Disease Main Symptoms Minimum Exclusion From School
*Chicken Pox 13-17 days Mild symptoms and fever Pocks are “blistery” have scabs, most on covered parts of body 5 days from onset of pocks or until pocks become dry
Common Cold 12-72 hours Sneezing, temperature, malaise, cough
Conjunctivitus (pink eye) 24-72 hours Tearing, redness & puffy eye lidsEye discharge Until treatment begins or physician approves readmission
Fifth Disease 4-20 daysunusual in adults Usual age 5 to 14 yearsLow grade fever followed by slapped cheek appearance on cheekA hot like rash on extremities lasting a few days to 5 weeks Rash seems to reappear After diagnosis no exclusion from school
*German Measles 14-21 days Usually mildEnlarged glands, neck & behind ears, red rash 7 days from onset of rash.Keep away from pregnant women
Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease 3-5 days Rash on cheeks, gums & tongueMay also occur on palms, fingers & soles of feet During acute stage of illness or as advised
*Haemophilius Meningitis 2-4 days Fever, vomiting, lethargy, stiff neck & back Until physician permits return
*Hepatitis A Variable 15-50 days Abdominal pain, nausea, usually fever, eyes & skin may turn yellow 7 days from onset of symptoms
Impetigo 4-10 days Inflamed sores, with pus Cover lesions when attending school
*Measles 3-7 days to rash Begins with fever, conjuncivitus runny nose, cough, then blotchy red rash 4 days from onset
*Meningococcal Meningitis 2-10 days(commonly 3-4 days) Headache, nausea, stiff neck, fever Antibiotics for 24 hours or until physician permits return
*Mumps 12-25 days(commonly 18 days) Fever, swelling & tenderness of glands at angle of jaw 9 days after onset of swollen glands or until swelling disappears
Pediculosis(Head/Body Lice) 7 days for eggs hatch Lice & nits (eggs) in hair None
Ringworm of Scalp 10-14 days Scaly patch, usually ring shaped, on scalp No exclusion from school. Exclude from gymnasium, swimming pools, contact sports
Scabies 2-6 weeks initial exposure: 1-4 days re-exposure Tiny burrows in skin caused by mites After first treatment
Scarlet FeverScarletina 1-3 days Sudden onset, vomiting, sore 24 hours after antibiotics started and no fever
Strep Throat 1-3 days Fever, later fine rash (not on face). Rash usually only with first infection
*Whooping Cough 6-20 days Head cold, slight fever, cough, characteristic whoop after about 2 weeks 5 days after start of antibiotic treatment